Stem cell therapy is a type of regenerative medicine which is described as the use of tissues that have the ability to repair, replace or restore biological structures and functions that may be lacking due to aging, disease or destruction. Stem cells have recently taken center stage in current international biological and medical research. During the last five years, the use of stem cells has been expanded from laboratory research and animal experiments, to their application in humans. Their use is documented in extensive national and international academic literature. Many research centers have reported successful stem cell therapies for various illnesses as well as regenerative procedures.